In our English class, we read the book, ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin which discussed football hooligans and hooliganism in general so we decided it would be a good idea to research it and find out more about football hooligans. i
What is Hooliganism?
Hooliganism is a term used to describe disorderly, violent behaviour portrayed by fans at a certain football match. In the UK, hooligans are almost always associated to football.
Hooliganism in the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.
Football hooligans only really began in the 1960’s but no major problems happened then. In the 1970’s and 80’s is when most football hooligan groups started to emerge. Football hooligan groups called ‘firms’ or ‘casuals‘ in the 1980’s were really dangerous and caused numerous deaths which meant the police and government had to intervene. In Scotland they enforced the Offensive Behaviour at Football Act in 2012 which means any football fan who portrays offensive behavior will be removed from the stadium and could face a life ban by the club and may not be able to go to a football match involving that team or that stadium for a long time.
Hooliganism nowadays isn’t as bad as it was in the 80’s thanks to tough security measures and police all around the stadiums on match-day to protect the fans. Football hooligans also try to sneak pyro, flares and smoke-bombs into the stadium for big games like cup quarter-finals, semi-finals and cup finals even though it is illegal if you are under eighteen and could go to jail for attempting to enter a football stadium with a pyrotechnic device.
The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act
The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act was an act that was put into place by the Scottish Government to try to cut down on hooliganism. However people haven’t agreed with this act being put into place. An idea to scrap The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act has been approved by parliament members in its first proper vote in Holyrood. MSPs voted by 65 to 61 to back the idea so it will now be passed on to committee members for further consideration.
We learned that football hooligans in the 1970’s – 1980’s caused a lot of trouble at football matches and they even killed a few people. Jai and I would like to thank anyone who takes the time to read our blog about football hooligans and hope you learned a lot from it.
BBC, (2018). MSPs recommend repeal of Offensive Behaviour at Football Act [online]. Available from; www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-42804642, [accessed 26/02/2018].
Daily Mail, (2018). Football Hooliganism is on the increase [online]. Available from; http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-66593/Football-hooliganism-increase.html, [accessed] 16/02/2018.