In Ms Murphy’s English class, we are studying Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens, one of the best novelists of the Victorian era. The Victorian era was named after the British monarch at the time, Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria was born on May 24th 1819 in Kensington Palace, London to Edward, Duke of Kent and Victoria Maria Louisa of Saxe-Coburg. Her father died only eight months after he was born. She became Queen of the United Kingdom following the death of King William V, her uncle, on 20th of June 1837. She was only eighteen years old when she became monarch. At first, Victoria was not accepted by some of the public as she was thought to be too young.
During her reign, Britain’s landscapes changed dramatically. Many of the countryside farmers moved to the rapidly-growing cities to work in factories which were beginning to dominate the county’s landscapes. This became known as the Industrial Revolution.
The British Empire also did very well in the Victorian Era. It became the biggest formal empire in recorded world history and, although most of it is no longer part of Britain, the Victorian empire still holds the world record. Queen Victoria became queen of many widespread nations including Canada, Austrailia and Ireland. She was also Empress of India, Hong-Kong and many other African nations.
[Image http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anachronous_map_of_the_British_Empire.png?uselang=en-gb (Right of Paragraph about Empire)