Factories and Workhouses by Skye & Abigail !


Some of the first machines ever invented in the Victorian times were used for making cloth in the cotton mills in Lancashire. Spinning machines spun the cotton into thread.  After spinning, cloth was woven from the thread on a machine called a ‘loom’.

The machines were very loud, noisy, smelly and dangerous they were never stopped .

The pulley Wheels they were connected to the engine room. The engine drove all the pulleys .

The factories and mills needed a good supply of coal to keep them running . Gangs of coal miners , some of them were woman and children and they even worked underground . They were paid for the  amount of coal they dug up and not for the amount of hours they worked .

Working in the mines was dangerous and could be life threatening . The   underground passages were very narrow and low in height . A lot of the time the miners worked in the dark  . Sometimes the mines flooded with water or part of the roofs caved   in   . 

Victorian factory © Ian Mulder and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence


A Victorian workhouse provided, A warm place to live, a place to work and make money, free medical care, food, clothes and free education for kids to move on and get a job .


A master

A medical officer

A matron x

A chaplain]

A porter

A school-teacher

Workhouses also provided

Dining-hall for eating

Dormitories for sleeping

A kitchen


Rooms for the sick

A chapel

A bakery

Laundry, laundry room


Small Farm

A Mortuary

Tailors for making Clothes

School Rooms


Southwell Workhouse. © Copyright Ruth Thomas and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence


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