THE BLITZ by Ross

THE BLITZ

The Blitz was the heavy and frequent bombing attacks in London and in other major cities. Night after night until May 1941, German Luftwaffe bombed British ports and industrial areas.

London, the most  hit city, was bombed for 11 eleven weeks, day and night in which one third of the city was destroyed

The Blitz started on September 7th 1940 and almost 2000 people were killed or wounded on the first night. In the first month, the Germans airforce dropped 5,300 tons of high explosives in London during 24 nights.

Blitz_fire

Building on fire after an attack during The Blitz

A World War II air raid siren. © BrokenSphere / Wikimedia Commons. [CC-BY-SA-3.0]

A World War II air raid siren. © BrokenSphere / Wikimedia Commons. [CC-BY-SA-3.0]

AIR RAID SIRENS

Most air raids were at night, and heard through the towns and cities through  air raid sirens. They were  loud and were a warning sound.  The siren went up and down in pitch to signal the ‘All Clear’,

CITIES THAT WERE BOMBED

Cities and towns  over Britain were also heavily bombed, including Swansea,Bristol, Southampton, Plymouth, Birmingham, Coventry ,Liverpool and Cardiff.

One of the most devastating raids was on Coventry in November 1940, it was the biggest air-raid  ever seen. 4,330 homes were destroyed and 554 people killed.  At one point during the night 200 separate fires burned in the city.

Clydebank Blitz memorial by Stephen Sweeney [CC-BY-SA-2.0]

Clydebank Blitz memorial by Stephen Sweeney [CC-BY-SA-2.0]

HOW MANY PEOPLE DIED

St Paul's after the Blitz by H Mason [Public Domain]

St Paul’s after the Blitz by H Mason [Public Domain]

The Blitz KILLED 32,000 civilians and 87,000 were seriously injured.Over two million houses in which 60 per cent of these in London were destroyed in the Blitz

What type of bombs were dropped?

•Lots of  bombs were dropped from the luftwaffe planes. some of which were:

•H.E. a High Explosive bomb of different weights

•Incendiary Bombs, also called Fire Bombs because they caused fires.

•Oil Bombs.

One in every ten bombs that fell was a ‘dud’. which meant that it did not explode on impact.  Some bombs had a delayed  fuse, which meant they could go off at any time. This meant that it was  impossible to tell which bombs were which. People had to be evacuated until the bombs were safe .

RAF bombs from World War II by Miller (F/O), Royal Air Force official photographer [Public domain]

RAF bombs from World War II by Miller (F/O), Royal Air Force official photographer [Public domain]

Thank you for listening

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