The Blitz was the heavy and frequent bombing attacks in London and in other major cities. Night after night until May 1941, German Luftwaffe bombed British ports and industrial areas.
London, the most hit city, was bombed for 11 eleven weeks, day and night in which one third of the city was destroyed
The Blitz started on September 7th 1940 and almost 2000 people were killed or wounded on the first night. In the first month, the Germans airforce dropped 5,300 tons of high explosives in London during 24 nights.AIR RAID SIRENS
Most air raids were at night, and heard through the towns and cities through air raid sirens. They were loud and were a warning sound. The siren went up and down in pitch to signal the ‘All Clear’,
CITIES THAT WERE BOMBED
Cities and towns over Britain were also heavily bombed, including Swansea,Bristol, Southampton, Plymouth, Birmingham, Coventry ,Liverpool and Cardiff.
One of the most devastating raids was on Coventry in November 1940, it was the biggest air-raid ever seen. 4,330 homes were destroyed and 554 people killed. At one point during the night 200 separate fires burned in the city.HOW MANY PEOPLE DIED
The Blitz KILLED 32,000 civilians and 87,000 were seriously injured.Over two million houses in which 60 per cent of these in London were destroyed in the Blitz
What type of bombs were dropped?
•Lots of bombs were dropped from the luftwaffe planes. some of which were:
•H.E. a High Explosive bomb of different weights
•Incendiary Bombs, also called Fire Bombs because they caused fires.
One in every ten bombs that fell was a ‘dud’. which meant that it did not explode on impact. Some bombs had a delayed fuse, which meant they could go off at any time. This meant that it was impossible to tell which bombs were which. People had to be evacuated until the bombs were safe .Thank you for listening