The Anderson Shelter by Ola and Magen

Recently in English, we have been reading the novel “Good Night Mr Tom” by Michelle Magorian. The book was about a troubled young boy who was evacuated to the countryside during World War Two.

We have chosen The Anderson Shelter as our topic.

The Anderson Shelters were named after John Anderson, the man in charge of Air Raid Precautions (ARP) during World War Two. A man called William Patterson designed the Anderson Shelter; his job was to come up with cheap shelters to keep Britain safe during World War Two (WWII).

The Anderson Shelters were made of six plates of corrugated iron and two metal faces at either end. They were around 6′ 6” (almost 2 metres) long and 4′ 6” (almost 1.4 metres) wide. They were designed to accommodate six people during the suspected bombings. The shelters had foundations dug out and were half buried in the ground so it was stable. Once the Anderson Shelter was in place it was covered in mud, leaves and shrubs so an enemy aircraft traveling above couldn’t see it.

Anderson Shelters were given free to poor people but families who had over £5 per week income could buy a shelter for £7. By September 1939 over two million homes had Anderson shelters in their gardens.

In the book “Good Night Mister Tom” William built the Anderson shelter along with Tom, Zack and George. Building the Air Raid shelter with Zach was the first thing they did together in the book, after building the shelter they then became best friends. William would have spent many nights in the shelter during the air raids, although only a few are mentioned.

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This model was made by Ola Gorkiewicz as part of our English project on ‘Good Night Mr  Tom’


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