In our class we are reading David Almonds “The Fire-Eaters”. We have been given the task of selecting an important event which happened in the 1960s because this is when the book is set. So we chose Apollo 11.
“I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth.”
Quote from president Kennedy from 1963.
This was the start of the space race between the Soviet Union and the USA to get a man on the Moon.
NASA started the race by holding an unmanned mission to test if the Moon was safe enough for humans. They did this by using animals. This was a success in a while later they decided to hold a manned mission test but this went terribly wrong. On January 27th 1967 a terrible fire broke out during a practice launch. Sadly the astronauts who were taking part died in this tragic accident. Two years later despite the set back they finally got where they wanted to be… the Moon.
Apollo 11 happened on the 20th of July 1969 at 9:37am when all eyes of the world were watching as they sent three men to the Moon. These men were Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins who was the pilot of the spacecraft.
It took them 12 minutes to get out of the Earth’s atmosphere, however it took them 76 hours to get to the Moon. At 4:17pm the craft touched down on the moon. They were five hours ahead of their planned time of Armstrong walking on the Moon.
“One small step for man one giant leap for man kind.”
These words were famously said by Neil Armstrong as he took his first steps on the Moon. 19 minutes after Armstrong took his first steps he was joined by his fellow astronaut Buzz Aldrin and together they took pictures of the Moon’s surface and terrain, and planted the American flag in the Moon.
They did some scientific tests on Moon rock and took home 193 grams of Moon rock. With the help of the Houston Space Center’s amazing technology they were able to talk to President Nixon. Approximately they were on the Moon for 14 hours and both Armstrong and Aldrin were both back in the craft around 1 am on the 21st of July.
They left a plaque on the Moon saying,
“Here men from the Planet Earth first set foot on the Moon July 1969 AD. We claim peace for all mankind”.
At 12:56 am they began to make their descent to Earth eventually splashing into the Pacific Ocean.
We got all our information from:
Apollo 11, http://www.history.com/topics/apollo-11, accessed 22nd November 2015
Apollo 11, http://www.kidzsearch.com/wiki/Apollo_11 accessed 22nd November 2015
Apollo 11 Mission Overview https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html accessed 22nd November 2015