Category Archives: Blogging

Elizabethan Era Fashion by Emily, Diana, Beverley

                In English, we have studied a drama named “A Midsummer Nights Dream” written by William Shakespeare. The time he was living in was when Queen Elizabeth the first was in reign  and during that period  the fashion was very different. So we have decided to focus on clothing, laws, shoes, makeup and jewellery.

Clothing 

The clothing in the Elizabethan era is very different from the trends and styles we have nowadays in the 21st century. What a woman chose to wear represented her social status as the more expensive dresses you wore, the higher up in society you were. Most people in this era used fashion and accessories to express themselves. Most woman covered themselves from the neck to their ankles, as showing your legs was seen as being provocative. Ruffles, puffy sleeves and hood like neck lines was the popular style. Also most woman wore very tight corsets to achieve a perfect waistline.

Laws

Depending on your class, certain people were only allowed to wear certain materials. According to law only the Duchess, Countesses and Marquises could wear silk, tissue or fur. Also gold or silver dresses were only available to the upper class.

Shoes

Shoes were not as important as the clothing or makeup. People generally wore shoes or boots made from leather. They were famous for bringing high heels into fashion, from France. The laws of clothing were extended to shoes as well.

Makeup

Queen Elizabeth the first had a very big influence on what women wore and what they thought was beautiful. Very porcelain skin and light air was the look woman tried to achieve. Women no matter what age had to have the perfect skin, hair, eyes and lips, so women used a mix of vinegar and lead to achieve a pale, white complexion. The makeup they applied was very heavy and lots of layers were applied. Also they would used egg whites and talcum powder to hide wrinkles. Red cheeks and red lips, were also very popular in that era. Most women plucked their eyebrows very thinly but also in a high arched shape and pencilled them in very dark. The makeup they applied was very heavy and lots of layers were applied.

Portrait of a Lady, called Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia by Marcus Geeraerts [Public domain]

Portrait of Elizabeth I as a Princess attributed to William Scrots [Public domain]

Hairstyles

The hairstyles today are nothing like what they were in that era. Hairstyles were highly elaborate to try to impress others, a possible husband or wife. If women did not have the right shade of hair, they would just wear a wig. They would even go so far as to shave all their hair off and wear a wig every single day. Women went to great lengths to achieve the perfect look. Also women would try to dye or bleach their hair with their own urine! The wigs that were purchased were very expensive and only rich women could afford them. Young women wore their hair down but once they got married they would mostly wear it up.

Jewellery

Jewellery was the final touch to completing the look. Pendants, pins, watches, rings and earrings were essential. Earrings were worn by both men and women. The jewellery was mostly the same as nowadays except it was only upper class and royalty that could afford to buy and wear them.

We hope that you find all this information interesting, as it has given us a better insight into what the fashion was like back then.

Sources

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan England Life [online]. Available  from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/clothing-in-elizabethan-england.html

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Clothing law for women [online]. Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-era-clothing-law-for-women.html

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan makeup and beauty [online]. Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/Elizabethan-Make-up.htm

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan Shoes [online].Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-shoes.html

Beautiful With Brains.com (2008-2017). Makeup [online]. Available from http://www.beautifulwithbrains.com/beauty-history-the-elizabethan-era/

Alcuin, Linda (2012) Jewellery [online]. Available from http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-jewelry.htm

This entry was posted in blogging and tagged 2017-18 S2 bloggers, A midsummer Nights Dream, Elizabethan fashion, Mrs Mitchell, William Shakespeare on April 23, 2018 [https://olhsenglish.wordpress.com/?p=6161] by olhspupil.

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Football Hooligans by Jai and Martyn

In our English class, we read the book, ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin which discussed football hooligans and hooliganism in general so we decided it would be a good idea to research it and find out more about football hooligans. i

What is Hooliganism?

Hooliganism is a term used to describe disorderly, violent behaviour portrayed by fans at a certain football match. In the UK, hooligans are almost always associated to football.

Hooliganism in the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

Football hooligans only really began in the 1960’s but no major problems happened then. In the 1970’s and 80’s is when most football hooligan groups started to emerge. Football hooligan groups called firms’ or ‘casuals in the 1980’s were really dangerous and caused numerous deaths which meant the police and government had to intervene. In Scotland they enforced the Offensive Behaviour at Football Act in  2012 which means any football fan who portrays offensive behavior will be removed from the stadium and could face a life ban by the club and may not be able to go to a football match involving that team or that stadium for a long time.

Hooliganism Today

Hooliganism nowadays isn’t as bad as it was in the 80’s thanks to tough security measures and police all around the stadiums on match-day to protect the fans. Football hooligans also try to sneak pyro, flares and smoke-bombs into the stadium for big games like cup quarter-finals, semi-finals and cup finals even though it is illegal if you are under eighteen and could go to jail for attempting to enter a football stadium with a pyrotechnic device.

Galatasaray-Hamburger SV 2009 UEFA football match by Qwl [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

Supporters Red Bull Salzburg by Werner100359 [Licence: CC BY 3.0]

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act was an act that was put into place by the Scottish Government to try to cut down on hooliganism. However people haven’t agreed with this act being put into place. An idea to scrap The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act has been approved by parliament members in its first proper vote in Holyrood. MSPs voted by 65 to 61 to back the idea so it will now be passed on to committee members for further consideration.

Conclusion

We learned that football hooligans in the 1970’s – 1980’s caused a lot of trouble at football matches and they even killed a few people. Jai and I would like to thank anyone who takes the time to read our blog about football hooligans and hope you learned a lot from it.

Sources

BBC, (2018). MSPs recommend repeal of Offensive Behaviour at Football Act [online]. Available from; www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-42804642, [accessed 26/02/2018].

 Daily Mail, (2018). Football Hooliganism is on the increase [online]. Available fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-66593/Football-hooliganism-increase.html, [accessed] 16/02/2018.

Christmas by Kacper

HOW TO SAY MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR IN POLISH TAMIL AND CHINESE

WESOŁYCH ŚWIĄT I SZCZĘŚLIWEGO NOWEGO ROKU-POLISH

圣诞快乐,新年快乐 Shèngdàn kuàilè, xīnnián kuàilè

கிருஸ்துமஸ் மற்றும் புத்தாண்டு வாழ்த்துகள்

Kirustumas maṟṟum puttāṇṭu vāḻttukaḷ

 

Did you know all donkeys have the shape of a cross on their back?  Here is a picture to prove it!

 

Christmas Stuff by Jason

Merry Christmas and a happy new year in Basque:

– Gabonak eta zoriontsu urte berri bat

One of my favourite christmas  carols are silent night. Heres the words

Silent night, holy night!
All is calm, all is bright.
Round yon Virgin, Mother and Child.
Holy infant so tender and mild,
Sleep in heavenly peace,
Sleep in heavenly peace

Silent night, holy night!
Shepherds quake at the sight.
Glories stream from heaven afar
Heavenly hosts sing Alleluia,
Christ the Savior is born!
Christ the Savior is born

Silent night, holy night!
Son of God love’s pure light.
Radiant beams from Thy holy face
With dawn of redeeming grace,
Jesus Lord, at Thy birth
Jesus Lord, at Thy birth

 

Christmas stuff from Brian

How to say Merry Christmas in Hungarian

boldog Karácsonyt

Plus,

 

My favourite carol is Silent Night. composed in 1818.

Silent night, holy night,
All is calm, all is bright
Round yon virgin mother and child.
Holy infant, so tender and mild,
Sleep in heavenly peace,
Sleep in heavenly peace.

Silent night, holy night,
Shepherds quake at the sight;
Glories stream from heaven afar,
Heavenly hosts sing Alleluia!
Christ the Savior is born,
Christ the Savior is born!

Silent night, holy night,
Son of God, love’s pure light;
Radiant beams from thy holy face
With the dawn of redeeming grace,
Jesus, Lord, at thy birth,
Jesus, Lord, at thy birth.

Christmas by Elle

Away in a Manger  Lyrics

Away in a manger, no crib for His bed
The little Lord Jesus laid down His sweet head
The stars in the bright sky Looked down where He lay
The little Lord Jesus asleep on the hay

The cattle are lowing the Baby awakes
But little Lord Jesus no crying He makes
I love Thee, Lord Jesus, look down from the sky
And stay by my side, til morning is nigh.

Be near me, Lord Jesus, I ask Thee to stay
Close by me forever and love me I pray
Bless all the dear children in Thy tender care
And take us to Heaven to live with Thee there

William J. Kirkpatrick in 1895.

Christmas by ER

How to say Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year in German:

Frohe Weihnachten und ein glückliches neues Jahr und allah akbar

The Wassail Song

The Wassail Song : Lyrics

Here we come a-wassailing
Among the leaves so green,
Here we come a-wand’ring
So fair to be seen.
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year.

We are not daily beggers
That beg from door to door,
But we are neighbors’ children
Whom you have seen before
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year.

Good master and good mistress,
As you sit beside the fire,
Pray think of us poor children
Who wander in the mire.
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year

We have a little purse
Made of ratching leather skin;
We want some of your small change
To line it well within.
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year.

Bring us out a table
And spread it with a cloth;
Bring us out a cheese,
And of your Christmas loaf.
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year.

God bless the master of this house,
Likewise the mistress too;
And all the little children
That round the table go.
Love and joy come to you,
And to you your wassail, too,
And God bless you, and send you
A Happy New Year,
And God send you a Happy New Year.

Christmas stuff from Skye

Welcome to my blog it is about christmas

Merry Christmas in Gaelic is Nollaig Chridhe

Here is a Christmas song by Ariana Grande

Silent Night is an old song still sung at Christmas.  Herr are the words

Silent night! holy night!
All is calm all is bright
round yon virgin mother and child
Holy infant so tender and mild
sleep in heavenly peace!

Silent night! holy night!
Shepherds quake at the sight
glories stream from heaven afar
heavenly hosts sing Alleluia
Christ the Saviour is born!

Silent night! holy night!
Son of God love’s pure light
radiant beams from thy holy face
with the dawn of redeeming grace,
Jesus, Lord at thy birth.

Did you known that donkeys have a shadow cross on there back? Here is why. https://pirottablog.wordpress.com/tag/donkey/

Roma vs Lazio | By Ben and Andrew

INTRODUCTION

Recently in English we read a book called Divided City and we are interested in Rangers and Celtic’s rivalry  so we decided to study another rivalry. We chose Roma vs Lazio . Fans have recently stopped going to the games in protest against security measures and the separating of  the ultras.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Roma were founded in 1927. This is when the first game took place. They share the same stadium. The stadium is called the Stadio Olympico. The fact that these two clubs share a stadium is surprising given the hatred between them.

2016-2017 

In the last game Roma won 4-1 in a half empty stadium because of all of the protests . The next game is on the 4th December in Calacio  A. Lazio’s average attendance last season was 35,500. Roma’s was 40,000. Roma are currently second in the table. Lazio are currently 4th. Lazio have 25 points. Roma have 26 points.

Sources

SS. Lazio Facts,  http://www.golden-goals.com/S.S.-Lazio/facts, accessed 2/11/16

AS Roma Facts, http://www.golden-goals.com/AS-Roma/facts, accessed 2/11/16