Pinocchio by Kamil

Recently my class researched fairy tale characters and we watched Shrek 2. I picked Pinocchio to investigate.

The Original Story of Pinocchio

Statue of Pinocchio. Photo by Adrian Michael [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

The original story is of a little marionette who wanted to be a real boy. His story is well worth reading by both grownups and children.

In the original story Geppetto creates Pinocchio from a block of wood because he wants a puppet to go around the world earning money. 

From the start the wood is screaming and giggling and talking. The puppet acts crazy and as the face is carved it stares at Geppetto, his nose keeps growing and makes fun of him.

At the very end, Pinocchio is changed to a real boy because he behaves better and starts to look after Geppetto.

Where’s the story come from?

The tale of the wooden puppet Pinocchio was created by a carpenter in Florence and is one of the most widely known children’s tales.

Who wrote the book?

Carlo Collodi wrote book about Pinocchio in 1883.

The Disney Film

Pinocchio was created as a film in 1940 by Walt Disney Film.

Pinocchio and Shrek

At the end of the film, Shrek, Pinocchio goes to the castle to help Shrek save Fiona before she kisses Prince Charming. The Fairy Godmother shoots a spell at Shrek but it hits Pinocchio who is changed to a real boy. She shoots again and Pinocchio is hit again and turns back into a puppet.

Sources

https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Adventures-of-Pinocchio

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Adventures_of_Pinocchio

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Juvenile Detention by Shaun and Daniel

In our class we read and studied Holes by Louis Sachar. Holes is about a boy who is sent to a juvenile detention camp in the middle of  a desert . This inspired us to research about what juvenile detention is really like in America .

1997-2015. Total number held in juvenile facilities according to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement [Licence: CC BY 3.0]

Most inmates are sent to juvenile detention centres for status offences. Status offences are crimes which  an adult cannot be punished for. These include underage drinking and running away from home .

Cook County Juvenile Prison by Connie Ma [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

The inmates are taken to the centre in the back of a police car with an officer .When the get out of the car and into the prison they have to remove their ,Belts . shoes and empty there pockets . When they enter the prison they go through a metal detector but if they are for a violent crime they will be strip searched . They will then (depending on the prison) either wear their own clothes or the prison outfit. They will then have a shower and be sent to their cell with one other person although if they are in for a violent crime they will be sent to a cell on their own.

Education

In the centre  they will still receive education they start at 8:30 am and there first break is at 9:30 am. Then they will work until 11:30 am when lunch starts and goes on until 1 pm and then for there final part of there school day they work till 3 pm. They work in the exercise hall in rows of tables and chairs on their own but there is a teacher behind a piece of glass teaching them.

Free time

In there free time they can watch movies rated U or PG or they can also use the prison phone during this time.

Daily routine 

7 am – Breakfast

8:30 am-school starts

9:30 am-first break

11:30 am-1 pm-lunch

1 pm-3 pm- school

4:15-4:30 pm-dinner

Conclusion

In conclusion  we realised what juvenile detention is actually like in America and it is quite different from camp green lake in the book Holes. Instead of digging all day they have to go to school.

Thanks for reading

Our research links

Callum county Juvenile services (2008) Callum county Washington [online]http://www.clallam.net/juvenileservices/dayindetention.html[accessed 19th March 2018]

bythecliff (2008) prisontalk [online]http://www.prisontalk.com/forums/showthread.php?t=309004 [accessed 20th march 2018]

FindLaw(2018)FindLaw[online]http://criminal.findlaw.com/juvenile-justice/what-to-expect-juvenile-court-chronology.html[accessed 20th march 2018]

Himms, S. Stamm, S.(2014)TheAtlantic[online]https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/05/2-million-kids-are-arrested-in-the-us-every-year-congress-is-trying-to-change-that/450522/[accessed 21st March 2018]

Staff(2013)Juvenile Justice[online]https://jjie.org/2013/10/11/two-teens-write-about-their-incarcerations/[accessed 21st March 2018]

Miscarriage of Justice in the USA by Laura and Chloe

We studied the book Holes by  Louis Sacher.  In this book we find out about a boy called  Stanley who was accused of stealing shoes from a homeless shelter and was sent away to a juvenile detention centre.  He then went on and told us that he didn’t commit the offence.  He was a part of a miscarriage of justice.  This then inspired us to do more research into miscarriage of justice cases.

Flag of the Unite States [Public domain]

According to the American citizens miscarriage of justice is becoming the ”new normal” because the people accused are helpless against false prosecutions.  Usually once a miscarriage of justice has happened you can’t reverse it .  Some people are even executed because of this.

Innocence project

The Innocence Project is a charity helping people who have been a part of a miscarriage of justice case. The Innocence Project is the reason Jonathan Barr got released after being accused of murdering a 14 years old girl.  Jonathan was sentenced to 85 years but he served 14 years before he was released.

How this happens

The causes for these failures are bad lawyers, incompetent forensic science, witness misidentification or just plain lies from people trying to get the accused behind bars.

Cases

There was a case involving 4 teenagers who were accused of murdering Lori Roscetti in Chicago 1986.

Marcellius Bradford was sentenced to 12 years  and Omar Saunders, Larry Ollins and Calvin Ollins were sentenced to life and were in jail for 15 years before being released. The reason for this because the prosecutors with held evidence in the original trial.

In conclusion this shows all about miscarriage of justice in the USA is very high. It proves that not everything that your hear is true and can’t always trust lawyers and prosecutors. We have also really enjoyed  researching this project and learned a good few facts about miscarriage of justice cases

Sources

Roberts , Paul[2018]. Miscarriage of justice in the USA [Online]. USA:global researcher.Available from https://www.globalresearch.ca/miscarriage-of-justice-in-america-is-becoming-the-new-normal-the-case-of-ivan-teleguz/5517578

Criminal justice degree hub,[2018]. Miscarriage of justice:10 egregious cases [online].USA:Criminal justice degree hub. Available from https://www.criminaljusticedegreehub.com/judicial-miscarriage/

The innocence project Texas.,[2018].our work innocence project [online].Texas: USA. Available from https://innocencetexas.org/our-work/ 

Onions By Kerryn and Megan

Recently in class we have been studying the book Holes by Louis Sachar. In the story there is a man called onion Sam who sells onions with his donkey Mary-Lou. Onion Sam believed his onions kept you alive and healthy so we decided to look into onions a bit more. We learned that there are numerous  health benefits and scientists are still looking into how beneficial this vegetable really is. We also learned that even though onions are vegetables they are related to daffodils and lilies.

Onion by Osvalso Gago [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

We really got interested in learning about onions so we decided to take a deeper look. We got to know that there are 500 varies of onions in the world it is thought the onion first developed in central or western Asia because there are paintings of onions on Egyptian tombs.

Sam said that Mary-Lou was fifty years old and her old age and good health was because of onions but we learned that onions are actually poisonous to donkeys.

We also learned that onions can be eaten raw or boiled or added to other dishes where they can be baked or fried.  Their strong flavour helped to make food more tasty.

Onion dip

The ingredients required are

  • 1 small onion
  • 1 small pot of sour cream
  • 1 packet of plain crisps
  • a sharp knife
  • a spoon
  • a bowl

Instructions

  • pour the sour cream and onions into the bowl
  • stir until sour cream and onions are mixed well
  • put the mixture in the fridge for 2 hours to chill
  • eat as a dip with crisps or crackers

People usually wonder why their eyes water when they cut onions and we learned that when they cut into onions there is a gas called Allicin gas and when the knife cuts in and crushes the cells it releases the Allicin gas which makes your eyes water.

Another interesting fact about onions is they are mentioned in the Bible chapter 11 verse 5 where it says

we remember the fish we ate in Egypt at no cost-also the cucumbers,Melons,leeks and onions and garlic.

There is also an engraving on the Great Pyramid stating that the slaves who built the tomb ate 1,600 talents worth of onions, radishes and garlic. This is a lot because it is thought one talent weighed about 33kg  or 75lb; they  must have tasted good.

As well as tasting good they are good for you. They have vitamins B and C which are good for your energy.  They also have  calcium, iron and potassium. They are  also good for the heart and help against heart disease.

We hoped you enjoyed this as much as we enjoyed writing this we now understand why Sam loved onions so much.

Green, Aliza ., (2004). Field Guide to produce. Sanfrancisco; Quirck productions inc

Ingram Cecilia., (1996). Vegetables & Herbs .Winchester; Zoe Books

(2010)  The cooks book of ingredients  Lindon  Dk

Ingram Christine The vegetable Encloped: & Cookbook Christine In

 

 

 

 

Elizabethan Era Fashion by Emily, Diana, Beverley

                In English, we have studied a drama named “A Midsummer Nights Dream” written by William Shakespeare. The time he was living in was when Queen Elizabeth the first was in reign  and during that period  the fashion was very different. So we have decided to focus on clothing, laws, shoes, makeup and jewellery.

Clothing 

The clothing in the Elizabethan era is very different from the trends and styles we have nowadays in the 21st century. What a woman chose to wear represented her social status as the more expensive dresses you wore, the higher up in society you were. Most people in this era used fashion and accessories to express themselves. Most woman covered themselves from the neck to their ankles, as showing your legs was seen as being provocative. Ruffles, puffy sleeves and hood like neck lines was the popular style. Also most woman wore very tight corsets to achieve a perfect waistline.

Laws

Depending on your class, certain people were only allowed to wear certain materials. According to law only the Duchess, Countesses and Marquises could wear silk, tissue or fur. Also gold or silver dresses were only available to the upper class.

Shoes

Shoes were not as important as the clothing or makeup. People generally wore shoes or boots made from leather. They were famous for bringing high heels into fashion, from France. The laws of clothing were extended to shoes as well.

Makeup

Queen Elizabeth the first had a very big influence on what women wore and what they thought was beautiful. Very porcelain skin and light air was the look woman tried to achieve. Women no matter what age had to have the perfect skin, hair, eyes and lips, so women used a mix of vinegar and lead to achieve a pale, white complexion. The makeup they applied was very heavy and lots of layers were applied. Also they would used egg whites and talcum powder to hide wrinkles. Red cheeks and red lips, were also very popular in that era. Most women plucked their eyebrows very thinly but also in a high arched shape and pencilled them in very dark. The makeup they applied was very heavy and lots of layers were applied.

Portrait of a Lady, called Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia by Marcus Geeraerts [Public domain]

Portrait of Elizabeth I as a Princess attributed to William Scrots [Public domain]

Hairstyles

The hairstyles today are nothing like what they were in that era. Hairstyles were highly elaborate to try to impress others, a possible husband or wife. If women did not have the right shade of hair, they would just wear a wig. They would even go so far as to shave all their hair off and wear a wig every single day. Women went to great lengths to achieve the perfect look. Also women would try to dye or bleach their hair with their own urine! The wigs that were purchased were very expensive and only rich women could afford them. Young women wore their hair down but once they got married they would mostly wear it up.

Jewellery

Jewellery was the final touch to completing the look. Pendants, pins, watches, rings and earrings were essential. Earrings were worn by both men and women. The jewellery was mostly the same as nowadays except it was only upper class and royalty that could afford to buy and wear them.

We hope that you find all this information interesting, as it has given us a better insight into what the fashion was like back then.

Sources

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan England Life [online]. Available  from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/clothing-in-elizabethan-england.html

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Clothing law for women [online]. Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-era-clothing-law-for-women.html

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan makeup and beauty [online]. Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/Elizabethan-Make-up.htm

Elizabethan England Life.com (2017). Elizabethan Shoes [online].Available from http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-shoes.html

Beautiful With Brains.com (2008-2017). Makeup [online]. Available from http://www.beautifulwithbrains.com/beauty-history-the-elizabethan-era/

Alcuin, Linda (2012) Jewellery [online]. Available from http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-jewelry.htm

This entry was posted in blogging and tagged 2017-18 S2 bloggers, A midsummer Nights Dream, Elizabethan fashion, Mrs Mitchell, William Shakespeare on April 23, 2018 [https://olhsenglish.wordpress.com/?p=6161] by olhspupil.

Treasure by Niamh and Carys

Recently in class we have been studying the novel ‘Holes’ by Louis Sacher . One of the aspects of the novel that we were interested in was treasure and we decided to continue our research on it.

We realised that there were lots of metals, gems and treasure including gold, diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and pearls. There is sometimes money as well.

One example that we got from research was the treasure of Troy. Within this treasure there was a gold crown that was made up of 1,600 pieces of gold. A short while after they discovered the treasure the pieces ended up in a museum in Berlin. A man called Heinrich Schliemann from Germany who was really inspired by legends and treasure went out and dug parts of what they call Troy. Some of the things that he found and thought would help him to prove he had discovered Troy like jewellery were stolen by him which was actually a big mistake.

Another type of treasure we decided to research was Sutton Hoo. Sutton Hoo is in Suffolk and it was a part of a compound of Mounds in the Earth. The first dig was in 1938 by Basil Brown. Mr Brown’s men started to dig a trench about two metres wide all the way across the mound.In Sutton Hoo they found 4,000 blood-red precious stones . As well as precious stones jewelry and a silver plate was found and so was a gold – hilted sword. This site was officially owned by Mrs Edith May Pretty. Eventually Sutton Hoo had finally been proven to have been twenty-seven metres long. After a long month of digging they reached a burial chamber built amidships. Then everything that had been found had to be officially listed and photographer.The main treasure is kept at the British Museum.

The final treasure we researched was Traprain Law treasure, this treasure was buried in the middle of the 5th Century AD.

1939 excavation of Sutton Hoo burial ship by Harold John Phillips [Public domain]

Overall we really enjoyed researching treasure and found it very interesting and we both feel it linked well with the novel ‘Holes’ very well.

Niamh & Carys.

Sources

Trease, G., (1989). Hidden Treasure London :Evans Brothers.`

Kennedy, M., (1998). Archaeology London: Reed Consumer Books.

NHS by Abigail and Brenna

Introduction

The topic that we chose to write about was the NHS – The National Health Service – that exists in Britain. It covers hospitals, dentists, and health centres. We chose it as the book Divided City, written by Theresa Breslin, has a young boy named Kyoul who seeks medical attention from the NHS and it saved his life. Kyoul had no money and no home but was still given treatment for his stabs wounds.

How it began…

Aneurin Bevan was the man who came up with the idea of free health care. The NHS started in July 1953. The Labour Party helped fund the NHS in the early days. The NHS  wasn’t always free –  it used to cost one shilling for a prescription. Some of the very early discoveries that the NHS discovered were that smoking and cancer were linked. The NHS changed a lot of its rules over the years as children used to not be allowed to see their parents while they were staying in the hospital getting treatment. This has changed now as parents can stay with their children in the hospital. This was a big change in the NHS as they now had to care for the parents.                                                                                                              

 1960s, 1970s and the 1980s 

In 1960, the first ever kidney transplant took place in Scotland in a hospital in Edinburgh on the 30th of October on a pair of 49 year old twins. Also, in 1978, the first ever IVF baby was delivered in the NHS. In the 1980s, MRI scans were introduced to hospitals. MRI scans were introduced to diagnose head problems as people might have had a stroke or blood vessel problems. A lot of new inventions to help hospitals treat people happened in the 60s, 70s and 80s.

1990’S & 2000’S 

In 1994, the organ donor  register was set up; also in 1998, the NHS direct was set up so you could get your medicine faster. In 2000, walk in centres were introduced to cut down waiting times and later on in 2006 there was a need for bowel cancer screening. 

Operations 

The NHS is also involved with operations. In the 1980’s it introduced ”key hole ” surgery. It was  invented to prevent huge scars and instead it gives you a few smaller scars which disappear quicker. In the 1960s the first ever transplant happened and it has saved many lives since. The NHS allows people to have operations for free that couldn’t afford them. In other countries, it cost them thousands to have a simple operations.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the NHS is a very good health care system. The health service treats everyone and doesn’t care where you came from and what kind of money you have. We are very lucky to have a healthcare system like the NHS. It help thousands of people every day and saves countless lives. 

Wish General by Ross Watson [Licence details on photo]

https://www.nhs.uk/pages/home.aspxNHS choices

https://www.starmedical.co.uk/blog/2013/04/24/5-interesting-nhs-facts5 interesting NHS facts

https://www.starmedical.co.uk/blog/2013/04/24/5-interesting-nhs-facts/  NHS history 

 

Gun crime in the USA by Abbie and Charley

We have decided  to research the United States of America’s gun crime. We chose to do this topic as, in class, we recently read Across the Baricades which was about all the violence in Northen Ireland. This made us think about what crime was like in a larger country like the United States. Recently, there has been a lot of school shootings this year this year so far. Guns are still legal in America so this contributes to the violence.

Deaths and Injuries

Gun Crime is a big topic in the USA. In 2015, there were 372 mass shootings the USA wounding 1,870 and killing 475. During that year, there were 64 school shootings. There is one major mass shooting every two months. Over the years, there has been 5,331 incidents with guns and there has been 1,446 deaths. 30,000 people are killed with a gun each year and two-thirds of them are suicides. 60% of the killings in America happened in 2012. Texas is at the front line of mass shootings. Americans are 25 times more likely to be killed by a firearm than people in other developed countries.

Owners of Guns

In the United States, as it is still legal to own a gun most people do. There are roughly around 88 gun owners per 100 people in the USA. Around 400,000 guns are stolen per year in American and in 2007 there were at least between 250,290 million gun owners in the USA.

America’s System

America owns a lot of guns and the most used pistol in June 2016 was the Glock G19.9mm. Now the most used pistol in the United States is the semi-automatic. Hospitals in America are very expensive, and the hospital can have to treat as many as 345 gunshot victims.

Conclusion

In conclusion we think that gun crime is a very large topic in the USA. We think guns should be illegal as so many people are killed in a year by guns.

South Western ambulance by Graham Richardson [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

Sources

bbcnews2016 bbc Available from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-34996604

telegraph2018 Available from http://subscriber.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/one-mass-shooting-every-day-seven-facts-gun-violence-america/

 

Football Hooligans by Jai and Martyn

In our English class, we read the book, ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin which discussed football hooligans and hooliganism in general so we decided it would be a good idea to research it and find out more about football hooligans. i

What is Hooliganism?

Hooliganism is a term used to describe disorderly, violent behaviour portrayed by fans at a certain football match. In the UK, hooligans are almost always associated to football.

Hooliganism in the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

Football hooligans only really began in the 1960’s but no major problems happened then. In the 1970’s and 80’s is when most football hooligan groups started to emerge. Football hooligan groups called firms’ or ‘casuals in the 1980’s were really dangerous and caused numerous deaths which meant the police and government had to intervene. In Scotland they enforced the Offensive Behaviour at Football Act in  2012 which means any football fan who portrays offensive behavior will be removed from the stadium and could face a life ban by the club and may not be able to go to a football match involving that team or that stadium for a long time.

Hooliganism Today

Hooliganism nowadays isn’t as bad as it was in the 80’s thanks to tough security measures and police all around the stadiums on match-day to protect the fans. Football hooligans also try to sneak pyro, flares and smoke-bombs into the stadium for big games like cup quarter-finals, semi-finals and cup finals even though it is illegal if you are under eighteen and could go to jail for attempting to enter a football stadium with a pyrotechnic device.

Galatasaray-Hamburger SV 2009 UEFA football match by Qwl [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

Supporters Red Bull Salzburg by Werner100359 [Licence: CC BY 3.0]

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act was an act that was put into place by the Scottish Government to try to cut down on hooliganism. However people haven’t agreed with this act being put into place. An idea to scrap The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act has been approved by parliament members in its first proper vote in Holyrood. MSPs voted by 65 to 61 to back the idea so it will now be passed on to committee members for further consideration.

Conclusion

We learned that football hooligans in the 1970’s – 1980’s caused a lot of trouble at football matches and they even killed a few people. Jai and I would like to thank anyone who takes the time to read our blog about football hooligans and hope you learned a lot from it.

Sources

BBC, (2018). MSPs recommend repeal of Offensive Behaviour at Football Act [online]. Available from; www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-42804642, [accessed 26/02/2018].

 Daily Mail, (2018). Football Hooliganism is on the increase [online]. Available fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-66593/Football-hooliganism-increase.html, [accessed] 16/02/2018.

Knife Crime by Rebecca , Kiara and Sophie

Introduction

We have decided to write about knife crime because of our class novel Divided City by Theresa Breslin. In a scene, a character called Kyoul got stabbed by a gang in Glasgow. We wanted to find out more about knife crime in Scotland and how to prevent this from happening. In our blog we are going to write about knife crime in Glasgow, what happens if you carry a knife, the statistics of knife crime and how to stop knife crime.

Glasgow Knife Crime

Duke of Wellington by Finlay McWalter [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

In Scotland, Glasgow used to have one of the highest murder rates in 2005. The police set up a VRU which stands for violence reduction unit for a problem that is happening. In Glasgow 2006-2011, 15 children and teenagers were stabbed and killed. Then from 2011-2016 there were no more young adults stabbed.

 

What happens if you get caught with a knife ?

Carrying a knife is very dangerous. There are so many possibilities that can happen that can result in someone dying. The police are legally allowed to search anyone who they suspect is carrying a knife. It is breaking the law to carry an offensive weapon and it is also illegal to carry a knife in a public place. If you are under the age of 18 you are not allowed to buy or sell knives. If your job has something to do with knives, like a fisherman or carpet fitter, you are allowed to carry a knife. Fisherman or carpet fitters are not allowed to carry a knife when they are not at work. You could get a jail sentence for up to 5 years even if you don’t use the knife. If you kill someone, you could get up to a life sentence.

Police car by Arpingstone [Public domain]

Statistics

The number of  people that were convicted for stabbing people has dropped dramatically from 35 deaths to 8. The recording of handling an offensive weapon is at the lowest in about 31 years since 1984. Also the number of young teenagers convicted of having a weapon on them has dropped by 82%. From April 2006-April 2011, 40 children/teenagers died in Scotland because of homicide. Then it dropped to 8 between 2011-2016.

How To Stop Knife Crime

The police in Glasgow set up a violence reduction unit to help the situation with knives and with the amount of people that are getting stabbed. This got set up in 2005. This situation has been going on since 1984 and since it hasn’t went away yet, then it’s not going to go away by itself anymore.

Conclusion

In conclusion, knife crime is a very serious matter that can affect anyone at any point in life. Knife crime has killed hundreds of people in Scotland, specifically Glasgow. Knife crime has dropped dramatically over the last couple of years which has resulted in fewer deaths and injuries in Scotland.

Flag of Scotland [Public domain]

Sources

The Guardian (December 3rd 2017). The Guardian Online. Available from :                                                https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2017/dec/03/how-scotland-reduced-                            knife-deaths-among-young-people (accessed 19th February 2018)

No Knives Better Lifes [online]. Available at:   http://noknivesbetterlives.com/                              (accessed 19th February 2018)