Tag Archives: Divided City

NHS by Abigail and Brenna


The topic that we chose to write about was the NHS – The National Health Service – that exists in Britain. It covers hospitals, dentists, and health centres. We chose it as the book Divided City, written by Theresa Breslin, has a young boy named Kyoul who seeks medical attention from the NHS and it saved his life. Kyoul had no money and no home but was still given treatment for his stabs wounds.

How it began…

Aneurin Bevan was the man who came up with the idea of free health care. The NHS started in July 1953. The Labour Party helped fund the NHS in the early days. The NHS  wasn’t always free –  it used to cost one shilling for a prescription. Some of the very early discoveries that the NHS discovered were that smoking and cancer were linked. The NHS changed a lot of its rules over the years as children used to not be allowed to see their parents while they were staying in the hospital getting treatment. This has changed now as parents can stay with their children in the hospital. This was a big change in the NHS as they now had to care for the parents.                                                                                                              

 1960s, 1970s and the 1980s 

In 1960, the first ever kidney transplant took place in Scotland in a hospital in Edinburgh on the 30th of October on a pair of 49 year old twins. Also, in 1978, the first ever IVF baby was delivered in the NHS. In the 1980s, MRI scans were introduced to hospitals. MRI scans were introduced to diagnose head problems as people might have had a stroke or blood vessel problems. A lot of new inventions to help hospitals treat people happened in the 60s, 70s and 80s.

1990’S & 2000’S 

In 1994, the organ donor  register was set up; also in 1998, the NHS direct was set up so you could get your medicine faster. In 2000, walk in centres were introduced to cut down waiting times and later on in 2006 there was a need for bowel cancer screening. 


The NHS is also involved with operations. In the 1980’s it introduced ”key hole ” surgery. It was  invented to prevent huge scars and instead it gives you a few smaller scars which disappear quicker. In the 1960s the first ever transplant happened and it has saved many lives since. The NHS allows people to have operations for free that couldn’t afford them. In other countries, it cost them thousands to have a simple operations.


In conclusion, the NHS is a very good health care system. The health service treats everyone and doesn’t care where you came from and what kind of money you have. We are very lucky to have a healthcare system like the NHS. It help thousands of people every day and saves countless lives. 

Wish General by Ross Watson [Licence details on photo]

https://www.nhs.uk/pages/home.aspxNHS choices

https://www.starmedical.co.uk/blog/2013/04/24/5-interesting-nhs-facts5 interesting NHS facts

https://www.starmedical.co.uk/blog/2013/04/24/5-interesting-nhs-facts/  NHS history 



Football Hooligans by Jai and Martyn

In our English class, we read the book, ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin which discussed football hooligans and hooliganism in general so we decided it would be a good idea to research it and find out more about football hooligans. i

What is Hooliganism?

Hooliganism is a term used to describe disorderly, violent behaviour portrayed by fans at a certain football match. In the UK, hooligans are almost always associated to football.

Hooliganism in the 70’s, 80’s and 90’s.

Football hooligans only really began in the 1960’s but no major problems happened then. In the 1970’s and 80’s is when most football hooligan groups started to emerge. Football hooligan groups called firms’ or ‘casuals in the 1980’s were really dangerous and caused numerous deaths which meant the police and government had to intervene. In Scotland they enforced the Offensive Behaviour at Football Act in  2012 which means any football fan who portrays offensive behavior will be removed from the stadium and could face a life ban by the club and may not be able to go to a football match involving that team or that stadium for a long time.

Hooliganism Today

Hooliganism nowadays isn’t as bad as it was in the 80’s thanks to tough security measures and police all around the stadiums on match-day to protect the fans. Football hooligans also try to sneak pyro, flares and smoke-bombs into the stadium for big games like cup quarter-finals, semi-finals and cup finals even though it is illegal if you are under eighteen and could go to jail for attempting to enter a football stadium with a pyrotechnic device.

Galatasaray-Hamburger SV 2009 UEFA football match by Qwl [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

Supporters Red Bull Salzburg by Werner100359 [Licence: CC BY 3.0]

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act

The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act was an act that was put into place by the Scottish Government to try to cut down on hooliganism. However people haven’t agreed with this act being put into place. An idea to scrap The Offensive Behaviour at Football Act has been approved by parliament members in its first proper vote in Holyrood. MSPs voted by 65 to 61 to back the idea so it will now be passed on to committee members for further consideration.


We learned that football hooligans in the 1970’s – 1980’s caused a lot of trouble at football matches and they even killed a few people. Jai and I would like to thank anyone who takes the time to read our blog about football hooligans and hope you learned a lot from it.


BBC, (2018). MSPs recommend repeal of Offensive Behaviour at Football Act [online]. Available from; www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-42804642, [accessed 26/02/2018].

 Daily Mail, (2018). Football Hooliganism is on the increase [online]. Available fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-66593/Football-hooliganism-increase.html, [accessed] 16/02/2018.

Knife Crime by Rebecca , Kiara and Sophie


We have decided to write about knife crime because of our class novel Divided City by Theresa Breslin. In a scene, a character called Kyoul got stabbed by a gang in Glasgow. We wanted to find out more about knife crime in Scotland and how to prevent this from happening. In our blog we are going to write about knife crime in Glasgow, what happens if you carry a knife, the statistics of knife crime and how to stop knife crime.

Glasgow Knife Crime

Duke of Wellington by Finlay McWalter [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

In Scotland, Glasgow used to have one of the highest murder rates in 2005. The police set up a VRU which stands for violence reduction unit for a problem that is happening. In Glasgow 2006-2011, 15 children and teenagers were stabbed and killed. Then from 2011-2016 there were no more young adults stabbed.


What happens if you get caught with a knife ?

Carrying a knife is very dangerous. There are so many possibilities that can happen that can result in someone dying. The police are legally allowed to search anyone who they suspect is carrying a knife. It is breaking the law to carry an offensive weapon and it is also illegal to carry a knife in a public place. If you are under the age of 18 you are not allowed to buy or sell knives. If your job has something to do with knives, like a fisherman or carpet fitter, you are allowed to carry a knife. Fisherman or carpet fitters are not allowed to carry a knife when they are not at work. You could get a jail sentence for up to 5 years even if you don’t use the knife. If you kill someone, you could get up to a life sentence.

Police car by Arpingstone [Public domain]


The number of  people that were convicted for stabbing people has dropped dramatically from 35 deaths to 8. The recording of handling an offensive weapon is at the lowest in about 31 years since 1984. Also the number of young teenagers convicted of having a weapon on them has dropped by 82%. From April 2006-April 2011, 40 children/teenagers died in Scotland because of homicide. Then it dropped to 8 between 2011-2016.

How To Stop Knife Crime

The police in Glasgow set up a violence reduction unit to help the situation with knives and with the amount of people that are getting stabbed. This got set up in 2005. This situation has been going on since 1984 and since it hasn’t went away yet, then it’s not going to go away by itself anymore.


In conclusion, knife crime is a very serious matter that can affect anyone at any point in life. Knife crime has killed hundreds of people in Scotland, specifically Glasgow. Knife crime has dropped dramatically over the last couple of years which has resulted in fewer deaths and injuries in Scotland.

Flag of Scotland [Public domain]


The Guardian (December 3rd 2017). The Guardian Online. Available from :                                                https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2017/dec/03/how-scotland-reduced-                            knife-deaths-among-young-people (accessed 19th February 2018)

No Knives Better Lifes [online]. Available at:   http://noknivesbetterlives.com/                              (accessed 19th February 2018)

Gangs by Molli and Olivia

We read ‘Divided City’ in our English class for our book. Kyoul, one of the main characters got beaten up by a gang and one of the members stabbed him. We thought for an interesting topic for our blog that we would research gangs and write about it.

Glasgow Gangs

In the 21st century there are a lots of  gangs especially in Glasgow. Now there are over 110 different gangs. Here are some examples: Ibrox Tongs, Carmunnock Young Team, Duck street Fleet, Real Calton Tongs, Gallowgate Mad Squad. Everyone is terrified of these gangs and Glasgow has been ranked as the UK’s most violent area according to BBC News. Gangs can be based on sectarianism, racism and to be with friends. Members usually drift away from a gang after three years.

Their Looks

Members of gangs wear specific clothing items such as bandannas, hats, scarves, certain tattoos or symbols to show that they’re part of that certain gang and they feel this gives them an identity. Members are usually aged 8 to 22 and lots of them talk about having scars; by this it makes them feel more grown up. Gangs are organised based on race, ethnicity, territory or money making activities.

How they cause danger?

Gangs are not really a problem – it’s what the gangs do. People are getting into serious fights and either getting hurt badly or ending up in hospital. They divide their territory into collection areas with different members doing different jobs and responsibilities. When joining a gang an initiation has to be made and passed to be a part of the gang. Members of gangs are more likely to be arrested or involved with drugs and alcohol more than non-gang members. Gangs claim a territory, usually abandoned houses where no-one goes, so they’re alone and gangs spend around 6 hours on the street per day. Fighting done will take place away from CCTV.

In our opinion we do not mind gangs but we do not like what they do and we feel that people and kids in school should be aware of what they do. People in gangs get up to no good and people and kids in school are scared of gangs. This is not right because no-one should be afraid or nervous when they see a gang.

Clyde Arc by macieklew [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

Clyde Arc by macieklew [Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0]

Sources used:

https://www.dosomething.org  11 Facts About Gangs  4/11/16

http://www.deadlinenews.co.uk/?s=gangs 4/11/16

http://www.bbc.co.uk/search?q=gang+facts&sa_f=search-product&scope= 4/11/16

http://www.heraldscotland.com/search/?search=gangs 4/11/16




Roma vs Lazio | By Ben and Andrew


Recently in English we read a book called Divided City and we are interested in Rangers and Celtic’s rivalry  so we decided to study another rivalry. We chose Roma vs Lazio . Fans have recently stopped going to the games in protest against security measures and the separating of  the ultras.


Roma were founded in 1927. This is when the first game took place. They share the same stadium. The stadium is called the Stadio Olympico. The fact that these two clubs share a stadium is surprising given the hatred between them.


In the last game Roma won 4-1 in a half empty stadium because of all of the protests . The next game is on the 4th December in Calacio  A. Lazio’s average attendance last season was 35,500. Roma’s was 40,000. Roma are currently second in the table. Lazio are currently 4th. Lazio have 25 points. Roma have 26 points.


SS. Lazio Facts,  http://www.golden-goals.com/S.S.-Lazio/facts, accessed 2/11/16

AS Roma Facts, http://www.golden-goals.com/AS-Roma/facts, accessed 2/11/16






How Football Brings People Together by Michael and Ciaran

We have chosen to research how football brings people together because it shows how one game can make people happy. We are going to talk about two tournaments in particular: the Homeless World Cup and the Green Brigade Anti Discrimination tournament. This links to the book’ Divided City’ through the Glasgow City football team and how that brought Joe and Graham together.

The Homeless World Cup started in 2001 to help homeless people get active and to compete for their country. The first two years they were not playing for a trophy but, since 2003, they have been. Over 100,000 people take part each year as players, match officials, coaches and more. 74 countries take part each year. The organisation has 70 national partners. A player has been scouted for a professional team in Spain and made a good living out of it after playing in this tournament. This shows that this tournament could change the lives of homeless people.

In the Homeless World Cup, the winners of a match get three points and the loser gets 0 points. In this sport there must be a winner; the game would go to a sudden death penalty shoot-out and if you win the shoot-out you get two points and if you lose you get one point. The pitches are 27 metres long and 16 metres wide and a size five ball is used.

Homeless World Cup 2007 by maltesen [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

Homeless World Cup 2007 by maltesen [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

In the Homeless World Cup there have been many winners :

  • 2003- Austria;
  • 2004 – Italy;
  • 2005 – Italy;
  • 2006 – Russia;
  • 2007 – Scotland;
  • 2008 – Afghanistan;
  • 2009 – Ukraine;
  • 2010 – Brazil;
  • 2011 – Scotland;
  • 2012 – Chile;
  • 2013 – Brazil;
  • 2014 – Chile;
  • 2015- Mexico.

The Green Brigade set up a tournament for mostly refugees and immigrants. It is held in the Garngad every year. All the money raised goes to local foodbanks to help the refugees and immigrants. The Green Brigade take part in this tournament and lots of people turn up each year. It is a very big tournament in Glasgow as the Green Brigade are very popular for the things they do for homeless people.

In conclusion, the Homeless World Cup and The Green Brigade Anti Discrimination tournament shows us that people come together in football all over the world.  These tournaments help the homeless, refugees and asylum seekers; no matter where they came from or what backgrounds they come from they still come together to play football. 


Green Brigade Anti Discrimination Tournament 2015, http://www.celticnewsnow.com/news/green-brigade-anti-discrimination-tournament-2015/117191/, accessed 14/12/2015        

Homeless World Cup Home Page, https://www.homelessworldcup.org/, accessed 11/12/15


Istanbul Derby by Aidan and Nathan

We have been studying “Divided City” by Thresa Breslin and so for our blog we decided to focus on football. We chose to research The Istanbul Derby because it shows a major contrast between two classes, the wealthy and the working class. The two clubs which compete in the derby are Galatasaray and Fenerbahce. The clubs have very interesting heritage and amazing stories. Their stories are very similar to the Old Firm derby, the biggest in Scottish football, which appears in “Divided City”

In the Istanbul derby there are two classes: the wealthy and the working. Galatasaray was formed from a prestigious private school called Galatasaray Academy. To start with, only the wealthy could play for Galatasaray. On the other hand, Fernerbahce was formed by a group of poor locals to give the less fortunate a chance. However, they couldn’t play league football due to a Turkish ban. Eventually the ban was lifted and Fenerbache could play league games.

Fener choreo by Avl Tm (cropped) [Licence: (CC BY-NC 2.0]

Fener choreo by Avl Tm (cropped) [Licence: (CC BY-NC 2.0]

The first game between the two clubs was held on the 17th January, 1909. At this point, the two clubs weren’t rivals. The infamous rivalry really began when Fenerbahce won the first non-domestic cup match .

Since 1909 there as been a series of heated events in the rivalry including riots and the moment that Graham Souness planted a Galatasary flag in Fenerabahce’s home stadium during a match in 1996.The 200 UEFA cup riots involved the English side Arsenal and Galatasary it was nicknamed the battle for Copenhagen there was  stabbings and shootings despite there being 2000 officers.      

Tension really gathered when, in 2013 after a heated match where Fenerbahce came out victors over their rivals Galatasary, a young boy was stabbed to death by a group of Galatasary ultras.

The Istanbul derby is an event of controversy and tension but something that plays a major part in the derby  is over-looked: the football. Fenerbahce won their last meeting but the two clubs have played some amazing football. Galatasary have one more Super Lig title though and, as it stands, Fenerbahce are seven points ahead of Galatasary (2015/16) and are on course to win the league. If they win they will go equal on Super Lig titles with Galatasary. To conclude, Galatasary and  are apart of what could be the most intense rivalry in the history of football. They will next compete against each other on March 20th 2016.

Galatasaray badge by Federico Mera [Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0]

Galatasaray badge by Federico Mera [Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0]

History of the Istanbul Derby – Fenerbahce vs Galatasaray: http://www.sportskeeda.com/football/history-istanbul-derby-fenerbahce-galatasaray – 21//11/15

Arsenal 0-0 Galatasaray: http://www.arseweb.com/99-00/reports/170500.html – 23/11/15

The Irish Potato Famine By Emily and Abigail


The topic we have chosen was the Irish Potato Famine. We chose this as we are very interested in this topic. It is also a topic that is brought up frequently in the novel “Divided City” by Theresa Breslin. There is one scene in the novel where during a football match between Celtic and Rangers, the Rangers supporters throw potatoes at the Celtic fans as a symbol of the Irish potato famine which is what we decided to research more about.

How the Famine Began

In 1846, more than half of the entire Irish population were relying only on potatoes for their diet. The other half of the population relied on potatoes for the majority of their diet. Moist, damp weather and the arrival of the North American potato disease, Phytofthora, caused at least a quarter of all potatoes to rot before they were ripe. Around one million people died of starvation and disease. Another two million emigrated to other parts of the UK and overseas in order to stay alive and not be at risk of dying.


The Potato Famine lasted for six years and the population went from 8.4 million to 6.6 million. Also known as the Great Potato Famine, the life expectancy dropped to 40 years old. Although the government tried to help it was unfortunately inadequate and did not help the tragic circumstances nor did it help the situation for the unlucky Irish in this terrible situation. The government did not do enough to help the people of Ireland.

The Aftermath

The effect was shocking as the famine lasted for a total of six years and killed many. The decades that followed were no better as businesses were taken over by poorly educated farmers. Rent prices increased so that the houses could be knocked down so that there was more potato farms. They continued this after the famine was over in order to grow potatoes. When Ireland gained independence in 1921, the population was half of what it was in the 1840’s before the famine.


We hope that this has been informative and has taught you something that you perhaps did not already know about the Irish Potato Famine. The novel “Divided City” discusses the event and how people today remember and are even mocked for the tragic event in history.

Great Irish Famine Memorial at Penn's Landing, Philadelphia by Alexmar983 [Licence: (CC BY-SA 3.0]

Great Irish Famine Memorial at Penn’s Landing, Philadelphia by Alexmar983 [Licence: (CC BY-SA 3.0]


The History Place, http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/introduction.htm, accessed 30/10/15

Britannica, http://www.britannica.com/event/irish-Potato-Famine, accessed 30/10/15

BBC, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/famine_01.shtml, accessed 30/10/15

Asylum Seekers by Chloe, Eve and Stephen

We chose “asylum seekers” as our blog topic because we thought it went well with the novel, “Divided City” by Theresa Breslin. This is what we have been studying in English. We went with this topic because of Kyoul fleeing from his own country and about his amazing  story coming to Glasgow. He came from the Balkans because his country was at war and he was getting threatened to be killed.  

An asylum seeker is someone who has left their country and applied for asylum in another country, but some applications can be rejected. Asylum seekers come to different countries to escape from conflicts in their own country, they also go to different places to look for safety.

Syrian refugee by Bengin Ahmad [Licence: CC BY-ND 2.0]

Syrian refugee by Bengin Ahmad [Licence: CC BY-ND 2.0]

Asylum seekers don’t come to the UK  to claim benefits because some of them don’t know what benefits are. They are not allowed to work so they are forced to have state support. They are expected to live on £5 a day to buy food and buy clothes for their children or themselves. Immigration officers have the power to jail asylum seekers even if they have not done anything wrong. 

In the UK, there is between £200,000 and £250,000 being spent on training new doctors when some asylum seekers are trained doctors but cannot work here. We need these doctors to help people who are coming here with injuries from their journey. They are coming here to get away from conflict in their country. There is lots of violence and war so they flee to somewhere safe. Many people jump on the back of lorries because they or their families have been threatened to be killed. They need to pay lots and lots of money to get on the lorry or a bus. 

In the UK there were 19,801 asylum applications in 2011. This is the second lowest level in 10 years. 490,000 refugees have fled the conflict in Democratic Republic of Congo, including about 15,000 in 2011. A lot of people are granted to stay in this country.

When we started the topic, we didn’t know a lot about an asylum seeker’s life but we have learned a lot, such as how they get to the country, why they come here and how long the process is to have permission to stay. We found the topic very interesting and we think that Scotland could help them by making the process shorter.


Scottish Refugee Council – http://www.scottishrefugeecouncil.org.uk/ accessed 19/11/2015

Daily Record – http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/ accessed 19/11/2015

The Garngad by Neve and Collette

We picked Garngad (Royston) for our topic. We chose this topic because we were interested in the area and why Theresa Breslin decided to put this district in her book, ‘Divided City.’

The Garngad wasn’t ever a peaceful place. Even the name ‘Garn’ means ‘rough ground’ (Gaelic). Once a year the Hibernian Walk would take place. They would leave the Garngad and weave through streets until they entered Protestant areas, before ending up circling around their own area again. It was rumoured there would be a battle every year. They would be armed with blades and hammers. Kids from the local secondary school, St. Roch’s, would have fights with local Protestant schools and some of these school kid fights ended in death.

In 1942, a campaign was led by Mr. McGrath so he could rename Garngad to Roystonhill. In 1933, there was a slum clearance and rebuilding project that took place. Recently, cars from the M8 motorway were greeted with a gable-end sign of: YOU ARE NOW ENTERING FREE GARNGAD.

Railway Bridge over the M80 Motorway by G Laird [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

Railway Bridge over the M80 Motorway by G Laird [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

On November 16th, 1951 a murder happened in the Hibernian hall. The suspect of this crime was 20 year old labourer, James Smith. A murder trial was held at the high court, Glasgow on February 26, 1952. Smith denied the accusations that he was Malone’s murderer but was later convicted. Smith was sentenced to death and there was no reprieve. He was hanged at Barlinnie Prison on April 12, 1952.

In 1953 Mick McLaughlin wrote a poem called ‘Farewell to Garngad‘.

“Oh father dear and did you hear new houses they have built.
Some of them in Easterhouse and some in Castlemilk.
Balornock and Barmulloch too, they’re building them like mad and now they’re taking our friends away from the dear old Garngad.”

In conclusion, The Garngad was a rough place in the 1900’s. It has since improved and it has now become a considerably safer place.

Sources –
Glasgow Story, http://www.theglasgowstory.com/story/?id=TGSFG09, Accessed 30/11/15
Daily Record, http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/glasgow-torn-apart-by-knife-fight-death-960799, Accessed 30/11/15
Royston Road Project, http://www.roystonroadproject.org/archive/history/garngad_royston.htm, Accessed 30/11/15