Tag Archives: Divided City

How Football Brings People Together by Michael and Ciaran

We have chosen to research how football brings people together because it shows how one game can make people happy. We are going to talk about two tournaments in particular: the Homeless World Cup and the Green Brigade Anti Discrimination tournament. This links to the book’ Divided City’ through the Glasgow City football team and how that brought Joe and Graham together.

The Homeless World Cup started in 2001 to help homeless people get active and to compete for their country. The first two years they were not playing for a trophy but, since 2003, they have been. Over 100,000 people take part each year as players, match officials, coaches and more. 74 countries take part each year. The organisation has 70 national partners. A player has been scouted for a professional team in Spain and made a good living out of it after playing in this tournament. This shows that this tournament could change the lives of homeless people.

In the Homeless World Cup, the winners of a match get three points and the loser gets 0 points. In this sport there must be a winner; the game would go to a sudden death penalty shoot-out and if you win the shoot-out you get two points and if you lose you get one point. The pitches are 27 metres long and 16 metres wide and a size five ball is used.

Homeless World Cup 2007 by maltesen [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

Homeless World Cup 2007 by maltesen [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

In the Homeless World Cup there have been many winners :

  • 2003- Austria;
  • 2004 – Italy;
  • 2005 – Italy;
  • 2006 – Russia;
  • 2007 – Scotland;
  • 2008 – Afghanistan;
  • 2009 – Ukraine;
  • 2010 – Brazil;
  • 2011 – Scotland;
  • 2012 – Chile;
  • 2013 – Brazil;
  • 2014 – Chile;
  • 2015- Mexico.

The Green Brigade set up a tournament for mostly refugees and immigrants. It is held in the Garngad every year. All the money raised goes to local foodbanks to help the refugees and immigrants. The Green Brigade take part in this tournament and lots of people turn up each year. It is a very big tournament in Glasgow as the Green Brigade are very popular for the things they do for homeless people.

In conclusion, the Homeless World Cup and The Green Brigade Anti Discrimination tournament shows us that people come together in football all over the world.  These tournaments help the homeless, refugees and asylum seekers; no matter where they came from or what backgrounds they come from they still come together to play football. 

Sources:

Green Brigade Anti Discrimination Tournament 2015, http://www.celticnewsnow.com/news/green-brigade-anti-discrimination-tournament-2015/117191/, accessed 14/12/2015        

Homeless World Cup Home Page, https://www.homelessworldcup.org/, accessed 11/12/15

 

Istanbul Derby by Aidan and Nathan

We have been studying “Divided City” by Thresa Breslin and so for our blog we decided to focus on football. We chose to research The Istanbul Derby because it shows a major contrast between two classes, the wealthy and the working class. The two clubs which compete in the derby are Galatasaray and Fenerbahce. The clubs have very interesting heritage and amazing stories. Their stories are very similar to the Old Firm derby, the biggest in Scottish football, which appears in “Divided City”

In the Istanbul derby there are two classes: the wealthy and the working. Galatasaray was formed from a prestigious private school called Galatasaray Academy. To start with, only the wealthy could play for Galatasaray. On the other hand, Fernerbahce was formed by a group of poor locals to give the less fortunate a chance. However, they couldn’t play league football due to a Turkish ban. Eventually the ban was lifted and Fenerbache could play league games.

Fener choreo by Avl Tm (cropped) [Licence: (CC BY-NC 2.0]

Fener choreo by Avl Tm (cropped) [Licence: (CC BY-NC 2.0]

The first game between the two clubs was held on the 17th January, 1909. At this point, the two clubs weren’t rivals. The infamous rivalry really began when Fenerbahce won the first non-domestic cup match .

Since 1909 there as been a series of heated events in the rivalry including riots and the moment that Graham Souness planted a Galatasary flag in Fenerabahce’s home stadium during a match in 1996.The 200 UEFA cup riots involved the English side Arsenal and Galatasary it was nicknamed the battle for Copenhagen there was  stabbings and shootings despite there being 2000 officers.      

Tension really gathered when, in 2013 after a heated match where Fenerbahce came out victors over their rivals Galatasary, a young boy was stabbed to death by a group of Galatasary ultras.

The Istanbul derby is an event of controversy and tension but something that plays a major part in the derby  is over-looked: the football. Fenerbahce won their last meeting but the two clubs have played some amazing football. Galatasary have one more Super Lig title though and, as it stands, Fenerbahce are seven points ahead of Galatasary (2015/16) and are on course to win the league. If they win they will go equal on Super Lig titles with Galatasary. To conclude, Galatasary and  are apart of what could be the most intense rivalry in the history of football. They will next compete against each other on March 20th 2016.

Galatasaray badge by Federico Mera [Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0]

Galatasaray badge by Federico Mera [Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0]

History of the Istanbul Derby – Fenerbahce vs Galatasaray: http://www.sportskeeda.com/football/history-istanbul-derby-fenerbahce-galatasaray – 21//11/15

Arsenal 0-0 Galatasaray: http://www.arseweb.com/99-00/reports/170500.html – 23/11/15

The Irish Potato Famine By Emily and Abigail

Introduction

The topic we have chosen was the Irish Potato Famine. We chose this as we are very interested in this topic. It is also a topic that is brought up frequently in the novel “Divided City” by Theresa Breslin. There is one scene in the novel where during a football match between Celtic and Rangers, the Rangers supporters throw potatoes at the Celtic fans as a symbol of the Irish potato famine which is what we decided to research more about.

How the Famine Began

In 1846, more than half of the entire Irish population were relying only on potatoes for their diet. The other half of the population relied on potatoes for the majority of their diet. Moist, damp weather and the arrival of the North American potato disease, Phytofthora, caused at least a quarter of all potatoes to rot before they were ripe. Around one million people died of starvation and disease. Another two million emigrated to other parts of the UK and overseas in order to stay alive and not be at risk of dying.

Statistics

The Potato Famine lasted for six years and the population went from 8.4 million to 6.6 million. Also known as the Great Potato Famine, the life expectancy dropped to 40 years old. Although the government tried to help it was unfortunately inadequate and did not help the tragic circumstances nor did it help the situation for the unlucky Irish in this terrible situation. The government did not do enough to help the people of Ireland.

The Aftermath

The effect was shocking as the famine lasted for a total of six years and killed many. The decades that followed were no better as businesses were taken over by poorly educated farmers. Rent prices increased so that the houses could be knocked down so that there was more potato farms. They continued this after the famine was over in order to grow potatoes. When Ireland gained independence in 1921, the population was half of what it was in the 1840’s before the famine.

Conclusion

We hope that this has been informative and has taught you something that you perhaps did not already know about the Irish Potato Famine. The novel “Divided City” discusses the event and how people today remember and are even mocked for the tragic event in history.

Great Irish Famine Memorial at Penn's Landing, Philadelphia by Alexmar983 [Licence: (CC BY-SA 3.0]

Great Irish Famine Memorial at Penn’s Landing, Philadelphia by Alexmar983 [Licence: (CC BY-SA 3.0]

Links:

The History Place, http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/introduction.htm, accessed 30/10/15

Britannica, http://www.britannica.com/event/irish-Potato-Famine, accessed 30/10/15

BBC, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/famine_01.shtml, accessed 30/10/15

Asylum Seekers by Chloe, Eve and Stephen

We chose “asylum seekers” as our blog topic because we thought it went well with the novel, “Divided City” by Theresa Breslin. This is what we have been studying in English. We went with this topic because of Kyoul fleeing from his own country and about his amazing  story coming to Glasgow. He came from the Balkans because his country was at war and he was getting threatened to be killed.  

An asylum seeker is someone who has left their country and applied for asylum in another country, but some applications can be rejected. Asylum seekers come to different countries to escape from conflicts in their own country, they also go to different places to look for safety.

Syrian refugee by Bengin Ahmad [Licence: CC BY-ND 2.0]

Syrian refugee by Bengin Ahmad [Licence: CC BY-ND 2.0]

Asylum seekers don’t come to the UK  to claim benefits because some of them don’t know what benefits are. They are not allowed to work so they are forced to have state support. They are expected to live on £5 a day to buy food and buy clothes for their children or themselves. Immigration officers have the power to jail asylum seekers even if they have not done anything wrong. 

In the UK, there is between £200,000 and £250,000 being spent on training new doctors when some asylum seekers are trained doctors but cannot work here. We need these doctors to help people who are coming here with injuries from their journey. They are coming here to get away from conflict in their country. There is lots of violence and war so they flee to somewhere safe. Many people jump on the back of lorries because they or their families have been threatened to be killed. They need to pay lots and lots of money to get on the lorry or a bus. 

In the UK there were 19,801 asylum applications in 2011. This is the second lowest level in 10 years. 490,000 refugees have fled the conflict in Democratic Republic of Congo, including about 15,000 in 2011. A lot of people are granted to stay in this country.

When we started the topic, we didn’t know a lot about an asylum seeker’s life but we have learned a lot, such as how they get to the country, why they come here and how long the process is to have permission to stay. We found the topic very interesting and we think that Scotland could help them by making the process shorter.

Bibliography

Scottish Refugee Council – http://www.scottishrefugeecouncil.org.uk/ accessed 19/11/2015

Daily Record – http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/ accessed 19/11/2015

The Garngad by Neve and Collette

We picked Garngad (Royston) for our topic. We chose this topic because we were interested in the area and why Theresa Breslin decided to put this district in her book, ‘Divided City.’

The Garngad wasn’t ever a peaceful place. Even the name ‘Garn’ means ‘rough ground’ (Gaelic). Once a year the Hibernian Walk would take place. They would leave the Garngad and weave through streets until they entered Protestant areas, before ending up circling around their own area again. It was rumoured there would be a battle every year. They would be armed with blades and hammers. Kids from the local secondary school, St. Roch’s, would have fights with local Protestant schools and some of these school kid fights ended in death.

In 1942, a campaign was led by Mr. McGrath so he could rename Garngad to Roystonhill. In 1933, there was a slum clearance and rebuilding project that took place. Recently, cars from the M8 motorway were greeted with a gable-end sign of: YOU ARE NOW ENTERING FREE GARNGAD.

Railway Bridge over the M80 Motorway by G Laird [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

Railway Bridge over the M80 Motorway by G Laird [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

On November 16th, 1951 a murder happened in the Hibernian hall. The suspect of this crime was 20 year old labourer, James Smith. A murder trial was held at the high court, Glasgow on February 26, 1952. Smith denied the accusations that he was Malone’s murderer but was later convicted. Smith was sentenced to death and there was no reprieve. He was hanged at Barlinnie Prison on April 12, 1952.

In 1953 Mick McLaughlin wrote a poem called ‘Farewell to Garngad‘.

“Oh father dear and did you hear new houses they have built.
Some of them in Easterhouse and some in Castlemilk.
Balornock and Barmulloch too, they’re building them like mad and now they’re taking our friends away from the dear old Garngad.”

In conclusion, The Garngad was a rough place in the 1900’s. It has since improved and it has now become a considerably safer place.

Sources –
Glasgow Story, http://www.theglasgowstory.com/story/?id=TGSFG09, Accessed 30/11/15
Daily Record, http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/glasgow-torn-apart-by-knife-fight-death-960799, Accessed 30/11/15
Royston Road Project, http://www.roystonroadproject.org/archive/history/garngad_royston.htm, Accessed 30/11/15

Theresa Breslin Blog by Stephen and Paul

In class we read the book ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin and we then decided to write a blog about her.

Theresa Breslin was brought up in a small town in Scotland called Kirkintilloch. This was next to old castles, Roman walls and old burial grounds which helped her imagination when she was a child. Theresa would avoid school work as much as possible so she could find a quiet place to read or to write books.

Theresa Breslin by J L Macfadyen [USed with permission]

Theresa Breslin by J L Macfadyen [Used with permission]

Theresa Breslin has written over thirty books and has won more than five writing medals. Theresa has also been runner up in literature competitions several times too. She won the Red Book Award and one of the medals she won was the Carnegie Medal. One of her earlier books was made in 1988 and published then too.

Theresa thinks that it is very important to do research on her books and she loves doing this research. 

In 2001, she was asked to speak at a conference in the United States of America. Just one month before then, the twin towers had been attacked by terrorists. When she was over in America, there were lines as long as a block outside the army offices. This was because people wanted to fight for their country. It was like America were in the world war again.

Theresa Breslin by J L Macfadyen [Used with permission]

Theresa Breslin by J L Macfadyen [Used with permission]

When Theresa was in Flanders, she would often see people laying poppies or flowers next to the youngest soldiers. This is how she was inspired to write the story ‘Ghost Soldier.’ 

In conclusion, we found out quite a lot of facts about Theresa Breslin and how she has grown as a writer, as well as her origins. Also, we saw her take an emotional trip with some of her books, such as ‘Ghost Soldier.’ One of the books that we read was ‘Divided City’ and it was very good. Theresa Breslin is a very good writer and should keep on writing good books. 

 

Sources

Theresa Breslin, http://www.theresabreslin.co.uk/ – 13/11/15

Theresa Breslin Book Details , https://www.edbookfest.co.uk/ – 14/11/15

Theresa Breslin Author Details, http://www.scottishbooktrust.com/profile-author/922 – 15/11/15

History of Celtic FC by Erin and Morgan

Celtic Park by Brian Hargadon [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

Celtic Park by Brian Hargadon [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]


In English we have decided to look further into the history and facts about Celtic F.C Glasgow. We thought this subject was appropriate as we have just finished reading ‘Divided City’ by Theresa Breslin as our class novel.

Beginnings

Celtic, one of the most recognisable clubs in world football, was founded on the 6th of November 1887 in St Mary’s, Calton. Celtic F.C was originally a charity named ‘The Poor Children’s Dinner Table.’ It was founded by a man named Brother Walfrid.

Celtic’s stadium  is the second biggest in the United Kingdom. There are over 60,500 seats in the park itself.

The first Celtic manager to lead ‘The Bhoys’ was Willy Maley in 1888-1897. He was the first Celtic manager to win three leagues in a row. In later years, Gordon Strachan, Jock Stein and Neil Lennon also won the club three league titles in a row.

Celtic fans, Lisbon 67 by Debbie Mc [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

Celtic fans, Lisbon 67 by Debbie Mc [Licence: CC BY 2.0]

 .

On the 28th of May 1888, Celtic played their first official match against Rangers F.C and won a remarkable 5-2. Also in 1893, the club won their first Scottish League Championship. Celtic were the first ever British team to win the European Cup in 1967. In 1989, Celtic won the Scottish Cup for the 29th time against Rangers .

Players

One of Celtic’s most loved players, Henrik Larsson, left the club after seven magnificent years, scoring 242 goals in total for the club . He signed for the club on the 25th of July 1997. He was believed to be 5 feet 9 inches in height and 12.2 stones in weight. He usually played striker or centre forward and he left Celtic on the 30th of June, 2004.

Leigh Griffiths is one of the most well known players currently and one of many to play for the club. He  is a striker for the club. He was born on the 20th of August 1990 and he is 25 years old. He puts in a tremendous amount of effort for the club.

In conclusion, we have found out a lot about one of Scotland’s biggest football teams, Celtic F.C. We found out about past and present achievements and the legends of players they have had. We have also researched the history of this club. 

For this information we found ideas from:

Celtic, http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/teams/celtic, accessed 12th November 2015

Players, http://www.thecelticwiki.com/page/Players, accessed 14th November 2015

About Celtic, http://www.celticfc.net/pages/about, accessed 11th November 2015

 

Celtic and the Irish Immigrants by Raymond and Bryan

Divided City is a book based on the culture of the Glasgow rivalry: the Celtic side and the Rangers side. Our inspiration to write this blog came from this touching and heart-pumping book. Our blog is based on the creation of Celtic F.C and  we chose this topic because it was humbling to know that Celtic F.C, one of the best clubs in the SPL, started from poor Irish immigrants…

The Irish immigrants that moved to Glasgow were really poor. They had to move because of the disastrous Irish Potato Famine. One of those immigrants was the founding father of Celtic F.C, Brother Walfrid. Brother Walfrid studied teaching at school. He joined the Marist Brothers group and moved to Scotland. He taught at St. Mary’s School and Sacred Heart School. He was also one of the founders of St. Joseph’s College, Dumfries before forming Celtic F.C.

Brother Walfrid moved from Sligo (a county in Ireland) to the East End of Glasgow. He saw that the Irish community were living in conditions only a tiny bit better than in Ireland. In Ireland everyone’s income came through agriculture. When the potato famine occurred, everyone was starving and child mortality rates were very high so that is why he wanted to help them. He came to Scotland trying to find a way to help his dying people.

Brother Walfrid created Celtic F.C to help the poor. He used Celtic F.C. to make money by winning competitions  to donate to his charity, ‘The Poor Children’s Dinner Table’. Irish immigrants were discriminated against because they were Catholic. Celtic F.C. helped all people that were discriminated against.

Brother Walfrid’s  charity also helped the unemployed, orphans and people in extreme poverty to survive and that tradition still remains today.

Brother Walfrid statue by Lynn M Reid [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

Brother Walfrid statue by Lynn M Reid [Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0]

Brother Walfrid first established Celtic F.C. in St Mary’s Church Hall (it is situated at Abercromby Street in the Calton area of Glasgow) in 1887.

The first game that Celtic played was against Rangers in 1888. The final score was 5-2 to Celtic! In 1893, Celtic won their first Scottish Championship under the leadership of Brother Walfrid. it was their first league title and there were many more to come.

Celtic F.C., who started from nothing and helped Irish immigrants get a step up in life, have become one of the best teams in the SPFL and arguably  one of the best teams in the world. They have won so many trophies: their best achievement so far was winning the Champions League (or the European Cup as it was known then) in 1967. 

Links:

The Celtic Wikihttp://www.thecelticwiki.com/  – 20/11/2015

Celticfc.net –   http://www.celticfc.net/mainindex – 13/11/2015

Show racism the red card By Adam and Jamie

Show racism the red card is mostly advertised during football games. religion is a big part of racism . this also known as sectarianism which i learned about in a book i recently read called “divided city” which is written by an author called Theresa Breslin . Sectarianism is when people fight with or dislike people because of the other persons religion . It happens a lot between Catholics and protestants . In this book the author talks mostly about the two big Glasgow teams the Rangers and Celtic  here is some more info about the book . Divided City is about a boy named Kyoul who gets stabbed off a gang  in the city of Glasgow for being an asylum seeker . It also talks about racism and sectarianism during football matches and that is what has inspired us to write about an association that works on racism in football .

big right here

Show racism the red card stopped for a while because racism stopped for a few years and then it started again in 2001 so show racism the red card came back together to stop this once and for all but sadly it there is still racism during football matches today ! People think it has been kicked out of football but actually it has not it has just been made more tricky and hard to deal with .people think that racism is OK but if they get caught being racist they will be arrested for offence . if they are being racist in any way or form you will be punished .

In football if you are found guilty of being racist you will serve a ban and be fined because racism is illegal in the U.K . they make activities for young people to fight against racism .

there are four different main reasons why people are targeted for four different reasons one of the reasons is skin colour because people think they are different . BUT THEY ARE NOT

Another way people are being targeted is by a persons culture . Culture is what a person does everyday or how they celebrate . .asylum seekers come from other countries because their country is too dangerous . They get targeted a lot because they celebrate different things or the religions they have . People target them because they  are different to everyone else .

The last issue that we are studying is Nationality . Nationality is an issue because people by people getting bullied by their skin colour which we have already covered  and Nationality. Nationality can be very racist because some people have came from a bad background .

thanks for reading about our chosen group SHOW RACISM TH RED CARD.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glasgow Gangs by Michael and Declan

Over the past few weeks we have been researching gangs in Glasgow, due to their role in the plot of ‘Divided City ‘.

Over time,  there have been gangs in Glasgow associated with sectarianism between Catholics and Protestants. One Protestant gang was named ‘The Billy Boys’ who were well known for their love of King Billy. They were soon to be joined by ‘The Norman Conks’, ‘The San Toi’, ‘The Tongs’, ‘The Fleet’, ‘The Govan Team’, ‘The Bingo Boys’ and  large scores of other gangs all of whom were as strong, some even getting political.

For decades, gangs ruled Glasgow’s streets with razors, coshes and broken bottles. Glasgow is notorious for its razor gangs, which operated in the south side of the city during the late 1920’s and 1930’s. They were feared across the UK because of their distinct weapon of choice, razors. Today, many gangs still operate in Glasgow. The Calton Tongs are one of Glasgow’s most feared gangs, who operate in the East End, selling drugs, robbing homes and doing other, some more disturbing, illegal activities.

Clyde_Arc_by_macieklew

Clyde Arc by macieklew [Licence CC-BY-SA 3.0]

Some general information on gangs is that gangs are a group of people, often young teens, looking for trouble and that take over a place to make money through some illegal activity like drugs, robbing and bribery. It has been reported that 86 per cent of US cities with about a population of 100,00 people have reported gang activity, which shows it is not as big a problem in Glasgow as it is elsewhere. Most people often say that gangs are a ‘big city problem.’

There are many different gangs in Glasgow, though they operate for very similar reasons. Gangs make Glasgow an unusual and sometimes scary place and they also reflect a bad reputation onto the city because of all the havoc they cause across Glasgow.

Sources

Gang Violence Around the World, http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/18-with-a-bullet/gang-violence-around-the-world/1392/  accessed 4/11/2014

11 Facts About Gangs, https://beta.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-gangs accessed 5/11/2014

Gang Facts, http://www.gangfree.org/gangs_index.html accessed 5/11/2014

10 Bad*ss Gangs From History, http://listverse.com/2013/07/30/10-badass-gangs-from-history/ accessed 5/11/2014

Razor gangs ruled the streets but even in the violence of pre-war years, one man stood out, http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/razor-gangs-ruled-the-streets-but-even-960790 accessed 5/11/2014

Teenage gang plague ‘six times worse in Glasgow than London’ , http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/top-stories/teenage-gang-plague-six-times-worse-in-glasgow-than-london-1-1076853 accessed 5/11/2014

I’ve spent 15 years of my life with Glasgow gangs, http://www.eveningtimes.co.uk/news/ive-spent-15-years-of-my-life-with-glasgow-gangs-132927n.21810844 accessed 6/11/2014

The quiet Great Train Robber reveals identity of the gang’s mystery insider, http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/sep/28/great-train-robber-douglas-gordon-goody-reveals-identity-mystery-inside accessed 6/11/2014